1965


Judith Jamison, Carmen de Lavallade, Glory Van Scott and Cleo Quitman perform  with American Ballet Theater in Agnes de Mille’s The Four Mary’s

 

Choreographed  for the 25th Anniversary season of American Ballet Theatre The Four Mary’s was a story of a young woman her suitor and her four servants: Mary Season, Mary Beaton, Mary Carmichael and Mary Hamilton.

 

The mistress’ suitor falls in love with Mary Hamilton (de Lavallade) the loveliest of the maids, their affair produces an illegitimate child. When the child is born she drowns it and is hanged for murder.

The production premiered in March 1965  had about 6 performances in New York and a few in Chicago.

While working with American Ballet Theatre Jamison and the other black dancers had the opportunity to train with the likes of  Fernand Nault, Leon Danielian (Who was a guest artist at Philadelphia Cotillions of Jamison’s youth) and William Dollar

(source: Dancing Spirit, Doubleday)

 

 

 

 

Other Happenings in 1965


American

 

  • Feb 7 US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam
  • Apr 13 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits
  • Jun 7 The Supreme Court of the United States decides on Griswold v. Connecticut, effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples
  • Jul 27 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking
  • Jun 28 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Jul 30th LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966
  • Aug 6 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

 

World


  • Jan 30th State funeral of Winston Churchill at St Paul’s Cathedral in London. Largest ever state funeral.
  • Feb 22 USSR launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test)
  • Mar 22 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party
  • Apr 8 India & Pakistan forces engage in a border fight
  • Apr 23 Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
  • Jul 11 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion
  • Jul 26 Republic of Maldives gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • Aug 12th Elizabeth Lane becomes first female British supreme court justice
  • Oct 4th Pope Paul VI becomes 1st Pope to visit Western Hemisphere (UN
  • Dec 1 South Africa’s government says children of white fathers are white




Art & Sciences

 

  • Feb 8th Supremes release “Stop In the Name of Love”
  • Mar 2nd One of the most popular musical films of all time, “The Sound of Music”, starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer, is released (Best Picture 1966)
  • Mar 3rd The Temptations’ “My Girl” reaches #1
  • Mar 13th Beatles’ “Eight Days a Week” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
  • Apr 13 7th Grammy Awards: The Girl From Ipanema, The Beatles wins
  • Apr 15th James Baldwin’s “Amen Corner” premieres in NYC
  • Apr 28th Barbra Streisand stars on “My Name is Barbra” special on CBS
  • Apr 28 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan in Franco Zeffirelli’s production of “La bohème” with Mirella Freni
  • Jun 15th Bob Dylan records “Like a Rolling Stone”
  • July 7th Otis Redding records “Respect”
  • July 30th Duke Ellington’s “Golden Brown & the Green Apple” premieres
  • Sep 13th Today Show’s 1st totally color broadcast
  • Sep 18th “Get Smart” premieres
  • Nov 8th “Days of Our Lives” premieres on TV
  • Nov 16th Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow

 

Human & Civil Rights


  • Jan 2nd Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters
  • Feb 1st Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma Ala
    Feb 21st Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City
  • Mar 20th Civil and Women’s Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the “New York Amsterdam News”
  • Mar 21st Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama
  • Mar 25th Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Al
  • May 30th Vivian Malone is 1st black to graduate from University of Alabama

 

Sports

 

  • Aug 20th Eddie Mathews & Hank Aaron (1954-65) pass Babe Ruth-Lou Gehrig hitting 772 HRs while playing together on the same team
  • Apr 9 1st game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2-1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits 1st indoor homerun
  • Apr 11 29th Masters Golf Tournament: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 271
  • May 4 Willie Mays 512th HR breaks Mel Ott’s 511th NL record
  • May 25th Muhammad Ali KOs Sonny Liston in 1 for heavyweight boxing title rematch
    Oct 3rd Whitey Ford notches #232 to become Yankees winningest pitcher
  • Nov 22nd Muhammad Ali TKOs Floyd Patterson in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

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